diabetes mellitus

Diabetes : what is diabetes mellitus?

diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the body does not produce enough or correctly use the insulin hormone, or both. Insulin is required by the body to convert sugar (glucose) from food into energy. This  disorder in which the body either has too little insulin or the cells don’t respond to it properly. You can find here articles about  its symptoms, treatments, the latest news and information.

Diabetes Types

Type 1 

Juvenile disorder  is a disease that causes damage to the pancreas. The pancreas is a gland that makes insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar. If you have juvenile disease, your body will not make enough insulin to regulate your blood sugar levels. If left untreated, juvenile polygenic disease can cause serious damage to your eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, bones, and even your brain.

diabetes mellitus type 2

What causes adult-onset disorder? Researchers have discovered a number of factors that can lead to this disease. The risk is much higher for certain ethnic groups, including African-Americans and Hispanics. There’s also a genetic component, which is why it can run in families. In addition, research shows that overweight people have an increased risk for developing type 2 . They’re also at a higher risk for developing other health problems like heart disease. Another factor is a sedentary lifestyle. Many people are turning to high-calorie foods, such as those found in fast food restaurants. Obesity is another common trigger.

  • this is a condition where your blood sugar level goes above normal levels.
  • if left untreated, this can lead to life threatening issues
  • the body has trouble processing sugar and this leads to higher than normal levels of glucose or blood sugar.
  • include high blood sugar level, and low or no urine.
  •  When a person has type 1, he/she has a lack of insulin in his body.
  •  He/she may be thirsty, hungry, or feel tired easily.
  •  He/she can get a sore throat, cough, and sores in the mouth.

Type 3 

Gestational Disorder is the most common complication of pregnancy. When you’re pregnant, you might experience some mild symptoms like increased thirst, nausea, fatigue, and weight gain. But when you develop gestational disorder, your blood sugar is usually higher than normal. You could be at risk of complications during delivery and even long-term health problems in your baby. Gestational disorder can last until your baby is born.



Diabetes Mellitus Causes 

Insulin resistance (which is when the body stops responding to insulin)

Insulin resistance can lead to It. But it is not always so easy to detect. One way to do this is through a blood test. It is possible to see a marked increase in blood sugar levels, which could be the result of obesity, physical inactivity, alcohol consumption, or stress. But it is also possible to develop this problem without these causes. One of the ways that it can happen is if there is an underlying issue with insulin.

  • Insulin resistance leads to high sugar
  • Insulin resistance leads to heart disease
  • Insulin resistance leads to hypertension
  • Insulin resistance leads to obesity
  • Insulin resistance causes atherosclerosis
  • Insulin resistance causes muscle cramps, insomnia, and loss of focus
  • Insulin resistance causes low self-esteem
  • Insulin resistance causes increased risk of depression
  • Insulin resistance causes bad breath
  • Insulin resistance causes dry skin
  • Insulin resistance causes headaches
  • Insulin resistance causes hair loss
  • Insulin resistance causes increased hunger

Defective beta cells (cells that make insulin)

this  is a group of diseases in which your body does not use insulin normally. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body convert food into energy. You make insulin as part of your pancreas. Your pancreas produces enough insulin for everyday life. But when you have this disease, you don’t make enough insulin or the insulin that is produced isn’t effective.

  • if you have type 1 , you will have to control your blood sugar with insulin injections
  • if you have type 2 , you will have to control your blood sugar with medication or diet and exercise. high blood sugar can cause problems in many different organs.

Excess sugar in the blood (glucose)

When glucose gets into the bloodstream, it can cause high blood pressure, increased blood clotting tendency, increased urination, blurred vision, and muscle weakness. It can also slow the growth of red blood cells in the bone marrow, making the body need more oxygen. Glucose levels also affect hormone production, muscle strength, energy level, and brain function.

  • if there is too much sugar in the blood, then the cells cannot use the sugar as fuel
  • if the cells cannot use the sugar as fuel, then they begin to die
  • when the cells die, then there are no longer muscles
  • when the cells die, then there are fewer muscles, and therefore, less force can be produced
  • if there is not enough force, then we become weaker and weaker
  • the amount of sugar in your blood is what determines whether or not you are in danger of having a heart attack
  • when there is an excess amount of sugar in the blood, the sugar binds to proteins, causing them to clump together, called plaques
  • cholesterol is also involved, and plaques form on the inside of the walls of your arteries

Other factors like genetics

This is an inherited condition. So, if you have a parent or sibling with type 2, chances are you will develop type 2 , too. This means that genetics play a role in your developing type 2 . However, lifestyle can also be a major contributing factor to your developing type 2. If you’re overweight, inactive, and eat a poor diet, you’re at greater risk of developing type 2 .

  • If you have a family history of  this disease, then you are at risk.
  • Some people have a greater chance of developing It than others. It’s not a guarantee that if your relatives have it, that you will too.
  • There is not much you can do about being at risk for it other than eat a healthy diet and exercise.

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This is a condition in which the body does not produce enough insulin, or can’t use the insulin it produces properly.

According to WHO, nearly 4 million people die of this disease every year and more than 40 million people are diagnosed with this disease around the world.

Symptoms Of Diabetes In Men

 The cause of this disease is high blood sugar (glucose) levels. The glucose is produced by the liver and it is usually eliminated through the urine. This condition can be caused by several factors.it can affect a person’s ability to use insulin properly. It can also affect the way the body uses insulin. The brain may not get enough glucose from the blood, which can cause brain damage. People with Type 1 have no insulin in their bodies. They need to take insulin shots. Another type is gestational disorder. Some common symptoms are:-

Fatigue or lack of energy

It is a common problem among children and adults with type 1 , even in those who are not overtly diabetic. The condition can be difficult to define, as many people have multiple factors contributing to it. It can range from feeling tired all the time, through feeling fatigued at times, to feeling like you cannot even get out of bed in the morning. In this article, we will look at how fatigue is defined, what causes it and what you can do about it.

What is Fatigue? Fatigue is a word that can be hard to define. It’s something that most of us have felt at some point in our lives, but can’t really put our finger on why we feel tired. What is Fatigue? Fatigue is a very general term that is used to describe a feeling of exhaustion. When someone is feeling tired, they are probably experiencing physical fatigue.

Fungus infection

of the foot is a common cause of morbidity in diabetic patients. It causes ulceration, pain and deformities such as hammer toes, Charcot joint, and osteomyelitis. Infections are usually secondary to trauma or pressure points in the feet, particularly the metatarsal heads.

Slow healing wound

A slow healing wound is a type of chronic wound that does not respond to conventional treatment, often causing pain and discomfort. The condition may be caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood supply, a deficiency in growth factors or an excess of inflammation. Causes The causes of slow healing wounds are complex and vary with each individual case.

Blurred vision 

Blurred vision is a common symptom of eye disease. The two most common causes of blurred vision are myopia and hyperopia. Signs and symptoms Blurred vision is a common symptom of an eye disease, and the symptoms can vary depending on the specific type of eye disorder.

Muscle cramps sign 

Muscle cramps are painful episodes caused by involuntary contractions of skeletal muscles. They can be acute (occurring in the days after a strenuous workout) or chronic (lasting for months). Muscle cramps usually occur in the calves, thighs and buttocks, and can be caused by dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, nerve problems, muscle damage, drug use, and certain metabolic disorders. To treat hyperthermia, take steps to cool yourself off. Drink plenty of water and apply cool compresses to your neck and armpits. 

diabetes symptoms women

This is a disease that has reached epidemic proportions in the world. It is characterized by high blood sugar levels. This can lead to damage of many organs and systems. It also causes serious problems with blood vessels and nerves. There are several types of it. These include type 1, type 2, gestational, and other types.

A patient’s symptoms are determined by the cause of  patient’s age, health status, and response to treatment. Symptoms may be  develop later in the disease. Symptoms are more likely to appear when blood glucose levels are high. The following list provides a description of common related symptoms and their causes: 

Vaginal itching and pain 

Vaginal itching and pain cause of it. I am a 36 year old female. I have been suffering with vaginal itching and burning for the past two years. It has been getting worse over the past few months. I have recently been diagnosed with this. The itching and burning has gotten so bad that I cannot go out or do anything, it is horrible. The itching and burning is in my vaginal area and sometimes it will spread to my lower abdomen and thighs.

Vaginal discharge 

Vaginal discharge cause it. Vaginal discharge is a normal, healthy secretion that occurs when the vagina and its lining get wet. It’s also known as ‘vaginal fluid’ or ‘mucus’.  The normal vaginal discharge is a thin, clear, yellowish liquid containing cells and mucus.

Skin infections

high blood pressure and other disorders It is estimated that 1 in 10 people have skin infections.

There are many types of skin infections: A common skin infection, such as a pimple or boil, can be treated with over-the-counter medications or a visit to your doctor. But some infections need more serious treatment.

Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet 

Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet cause of it. It is estimated that up to one-third of all diabetics have neuropathy. A nerve damage that causes tingling or numbness in the hands and feet, or pain in the legs, is known as diabetic neuropathy. It can be a result of a long-term high blood glucose level. Symptoms The most common symptoms of diabetic neuropathy are:

burning pain in the feet and legs, tingling in the hands or fingers, numbness and weakness in the hands and feet, and loss of feeling in the feet. The most common causes of neuropathy include: high blood sugar (hyperglycemia), poor blood flow to nerves (ischemia), nerve damage from injury (trauma), or a hereditary condition called Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT).

White patches in the mouth 

A white patch in the mouth can be a symptom of it. This is because when there is an excess of sugar (glucose) in the blood, it causes the body to produce large amounts of saliva. Saliva is produced by the salivary glands which are located on either side of the throat. The white patches in the mouth are caused by the excess sugar in the saliva. The saliva usually becomes more acidic as a result of the high level of glucose in the blood.

Redness and soreness 

Its causes redness and soreness. In fact, it often causes blisters and sores, especially at the site of the injection. It can cause extreme pain. You may have a sharp pain shooting into your leg and foot. Your skin may become pale and tender. Your doctor will give you a shot in your stomach. This will release insulin into your blood.

Trouble eating or swallowing 

It is a disease that is caused by your body not being able to properly use food to make energy. It happens when your body does not make enough insulin, a hormone that helps your cells absorb sugar from food. Insulin allows glucose (sugar) to enter the cells for use as energy. 

Swollen red gums or inner cheeks 

In the early stage, you may experience swelling and tenderness in your jaw. It is not uncommon to see a person with swollen gums or cheeks on the first day of starting on a low-carb diet. The gums and cheeks get swollen due to lack of nutrients such as calcium and zinc. This will be followed by loss of appetite and weight. There are some ways to treat this swelling.

Excessive thirst and hunger

The two most common causes are excessive thirst and excessive hunger. These conditions can lead to dehydration, which can lead to dehydration, and can cause a number of medical complications in diabetics. Hunger is a condition where one experiences an urge to eat. The cause of this may be due to stress or fatigue.

Frequent urination 

Frequent urination cause of it. mellitus is a disease of the blood which is characterized by hyperglycemia (excess sugar in the blood) and hypoglycemia (low sugar level in the blood). It is caused due to impaired production of insulin by the pancreas, or the body’s inability to use insulin properly.

Weight loss or gain 

 Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the United States and has become a serious health threat, especially to children. Most experts agree that childhood obesity is a major contributor to the development of type 2 , high blood pressure and heart disease.


This is a disease in which a person’s blood sugar level is too high. The condition can be caused by having too much sugar in your blood or by a lack of insulin. 


It has a lot of symptoms, but they often are ignored or misdiagnosed. The most common symptom of polygenic disease is irritability. Most people think that it can only cause you to lose sleep. That’s actually not true. In fact, the opposite is true. People who have it can be more irritable than people who don’t have it.

Blurred Vision  

It is the number one cause of blurred vision in people aged 20 to 64. In older people, cataracts are the leading cause of vision loss.

Slow-healing wounds 

The main reason for slow-healing wounds is poor blood flow. As a diabetic patient, you need more blood flow to heal. If your blood glucose levels are too high, then the blood vessels close down. In turn, there is less blood flow. This can be caused by taking too many insulin injections or by having high blood sugar levels for a long period of time.


There is a high chance that nausea will cause an increase in blood sugar levels. If blood sugar level rises to more than 120 mg/dL, it can lead to hyperglycemia. It can also be used to treat symptoms of Type II  such as fatigue, muscle aches, weight loss, and nausea.


How To Manage Diabetes In Men

It is a condition that occurs when there is too much sugar (glucose) in the blood. This results in the body not being able to use sugar for energy. In some cases, this leads to dehydration and other serious complications such as heart disease or stroke. There are two main types of . Type 1 is an autoimmune disorder where the pancreas produces little or no insulin. It usually starts in childhood.


According to researchers at Harvard Medical School and University College London, a single urine test can detect the presence of the disease.

It is important to remember that  is a condition that affects both women and men. It is not always easy to diagnose, but if you are diabetic, it will be crucial to know how to control it so that you can live a healthy life. it is caused by your body’s inability to produce or use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body to convert sugar from the food you eat into energy.

  • eat less carbs
  • eat less sugar
  • avoid processed foods
  • avoid white bread, pasta, pizza
  • exercise, and do physical activity
  • go out for a walk if you are feeling tired or weak
  • eat healthy fruits and vegetables, nuts, and meat

Types of Medication

There are two types of  its medication.


Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that lowers blood glucose levels. There are two types of insulin: regular and long-acting. Long-acting insulin usually comes in a syringe, and you inject yourself under the skin. It stays in your system for up to 24 hours. Regular insulin comes in a vial or bottle.


1. Treatment with Oral Hypoglycemic Agents

Oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) are used to lower blood glucose levels in people who have it. These medications can be divided into two categories: biguanides and sulfonylureas. The most common biguanide medications include metformin, glipizide, and glyburide. Sulfonylureas are the most commonly prescribed oral medication for type 2, as they increase insulin secretion by stimulating pancreatic beta cells.

2. Treatment  with Insulin

Insulin is a hormone that acts to lower blood glucose. There are two types of insulin: humans and animals. Human insulin is used to treat this disorder because it is more effective than animal insulin, and it has fewer side effects. Human insulin can be injected, but in many cases, it is preferable to use an insulin pump to deliver the insulin. When using an insulin pump, a small catheter is placed into a major blood vessel near the surface of the skin.

3. Treatment of Type 2

The prevalence of type 2 (T2D) is increasing rapidly, and the disease has become one of the most serious public health problems worldwide. This increase is due to several factors, including genetic susceptibility, poor diet, lack of exercise, and aging. The pathogenesis of T2D involves a combination of insulin resistance and cell dysfunction

4. Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy

(DR) is a very difficult task because DR is a disease with both vascular and neurodegenerative components. The pathophysiological mechanism of diabetic retinopathy is hyperglycemia-induced damage to the retinal microvascular, which leads to breakdown of the blood-retinal barrier, increased vascular permeability and formation of a cellular capillary nonperfusion areas.

5. Side Effects

marijuana can help with pain, depression and anxiety. But there are also some side effects that you should be aware of before trying this drug. The following are the side effects that you can experience when smoking marijuana. Dry mouth One of the most common side effects is dry mouth. This is due to the fact that your body will start producing less saliva. You can reduce this by drinking lots of water.

6.Diabetic Medications for Adults

It is a major health concern. It is estimated that over half of them are undiagnosed. Diabetics face serious medical complications that can be life-threatening. These include heart disease, stroke, kidney failure and even amputation. The good news is that most diabetics can control their condition with diet and exercise alone.

Diabetes Diet Plan

If you have type 2 , you can eat a healthy, varied diet that will help you manage your blood sugar levels.

This section lists all the key steps involved in developing a healthy, low-calorie meal plan:

-Balance carbohydrates, proteins, and fats to meet dietary goals.

-Measure portion sizes accurately.

-Plan ahead.

-Determine how many portions of carbs and other food components will meet those targets.

-Split your meals and snacks among the day’s meals and snacks.

-Review the ranking of favorite and familiar foods and try to incorporate them into meals, considering the information above.

-Fill out a daily schedule using the resources you have available.

-The meal plan is described below. Plan your meals to maximize ingredients, such as by having roasted chicken one day and chicken soup the next.

-Once a week, repeat the process for each day of the week.

-If you’re trying to lose weight, monitor your blood sugar levels daily and weigh yourself regularly to see if the meal plan is working for you.

-Determine how many portions of carbs and other food components will meet those targets.

-Split your meals and snacks among the day’s meals and snacks.

-Review the ranking of favorite and familiar foods and try to incorporate them into meals, considering the information above.

-Fill out a daily schedule using the resources you have available.

-The meal plan is described below. Plan your meals to maximize ingredients, such as by having roasted chicken one day and chicken soup the next.

-Once a week, repeat the process for each day of the week.

-If you’re trying to lose weight, monitor your blood sugar levels daily and weigh yourself regularly to see if the meal plan is working for you.

Diabetes Recipes

 However, most cases of diabetic can be prevented by following a healthy diet plan. you must avoid eating too much sugar in your diet.


  • Chicken
  • Turkey
  • Lean beef and pork (try to limit to twice a week)
  • Fish
  • Beans
  • Lentils
  • Nuts, peanuts and natural nut butters that don’t contain sugar
  • Olive and avocado oil
  • Avocados
  • Fruits, especially fruits with skin and seeds, like berries, apples and pears Vegetables, especially low-carb nonstarchy vegetables, which is most vegetables except corn, peas and potatoes
  • Higher-fiber complex carbohydrates, like oatmeal, quinoa and starchy vegetables (winter squash, corn, peas and potatoes)
  • Greek yogurt

Diabetes dessert

  • Strawberry-Chocolate Greek Yogurt Bark
  • One-Bowl Chocolate Cake
  • Flourless Chocolate Cookies
  • Apple-Oatmeal Cookies
  • Crispy Peanut Butter Balls
  • Pineapple Nice Cream
  • Fresh Apple Squares
  • Bev’s Chocolate Chip Cookies
  • Strawberry Nice Cream
  • Peanut Butter Chocolate Chip Cookies
  • Soft Sugar Cookies
  • Apple Crisp
  • Watermelon Sherbet
  • Gingerbread Tea Cake
  • Cherry Ice Cream Pie with Chocolate Cookie Crust
  • Quick Mini Chocolate Cheesecakes

diabetes desserts


 patients must test blood sugar levels throughout the day, often multiple times. Diets like this can help people with sugar control their blood sugar levels. Blood sugar levels should be monitored and controlled throughout a diet.